Role of Woman in Islam

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1 year 10 months ago #82 by Ayan
Ayan created the topic: Role of Woman in Islam
In many cases, outsiders looking in at the women in Islam perceive their role to be one associated with several negative connotations. These stereotypical stigmas force the women within the Islamic culture to be somewhat guarded because these social stigmas infringe on their culture and personality as an individual.

One of the most common misconceptions is that women live under some sort of oppressive dictatorship ruled by their husbands and fathers. Stemming from this misconception also lies the misunderstanding that women are forced into marriage and are severely oppressed by wearing a veil. While some of the basis of these ideas are true, they’re not oppressive of the women within the Islamic community. Instead many of these ideals are customary and are ingrained within the culture. The role of the Muslim woman is to raise the children and be a good wife. Women are encouraged to carry out all of these duties with a devotion and enthusiasm. However, isn’t that what most cultures perpetuate women to be – domestic providers that supply a nurturing environment of unconditional love and devotion? Therefore, it’s not out of the ordinary for a woman to be perceived as the individual responsibility for planning family events, raising children, cleaning the house, preparing meals, and representing the family within social settings.

The Muslim community has progressed and moved forward with many modern views. The woman’s role is no longer just a mother and wife. Islam permits the women, within its culture, to voyage on the Hajj pilgrimage, to exercise the right to vote, engage in politics, to have a job and even run a business as the business owner. And women in Islam have embraced these rights by partaking in all of available platforms. Women within other cultures have also become more accepting with women becoming breadwinners within their household and have also got rid of social stigmas that have overshadowed the gender of women in general. While many spectators have focused on the women in Islam due to social stigmas and stereotypes, it’s important that outsiders also look within their own community before judging the role of women in Islam. Many of the misconceptions that we fixate on the Muslim culture are actually relevant within other mainstream cultures as well.


Another misconception is the role of education. Many people believe that Muslim women are not allowed to receive an education – which in fact couldn’t be further from the truth. A basic of understanding of the life of Muhammad and knowledge of the wives of the Prophet reveal several examples of women excelling within their fields of knowledge. For example, The Prophet’s wife Khadijah was not only a businesswoman but a very successful one. The Muslim community encourages the role of women in Islam to be one that is educated and the Islamic world wants them to excel within their areas of interest and expertise. An important role of women in Islam is to educate themselves. Both on an academic level and within their culture. And across the board Muslim women are pushing the envelope and doing just that.

Moreover, Islam understands that it’s important to educate and nurture all genders because the Muslim community relies on the next generation to lead them. The Khilafah State is obligated to provide women with the highest level of education and view women as valuable citizens of the state. The role of women in Islam is viewed as vital and honorable.

Muslim women engaging in politics is not a new phenomenon, an early example of this is at the time of the Prophet Muhammad when the leaders of Yathrib sent a party of Bani Khazraj to pledge their allegiance to him. This group was comprised of 62 men and two women who pledged allegiance. The pledge of Aqabah is well known to have had both spiritual and political implications. The pledge was not only a declaration of accepting Islam but was a promise of political support and military protection. Later examples continue to support the idea of women in politics. In the early fourth century A.H, Um Muqtadir Billah, the mother of the Abbasid Khaleefah set up a tribunal for the purpose of settling people's petitions and lawsuits and placed one of her female courtiers as judge.

Yes, at first glance the idea of 62 to two appears daunting. But, think about it on realistic terms. Women were not viewed as equals in the United States from the beginning. Therefore, the idea that women were respected enough to engage in politics during this early time period is a huge break through. Furthermore, it may also reveal to outsiders looking in that the role of women in Islam is equalized in comparison to men. It could also be perceived that quite possibly the Muslim community is ahead of many other cultures – on the equality spectrum.

Allah says: "The believers, men and women, are protecting friends (Awliya) of one another; they join the ma'ruf (that which Allah commands) and forbid people form munkar (that which Allah prohibits); they perform salat, and give the zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have mercy on them. Surely Allah is All mighty, All wise" - TMQ At Taubah: 71

The role of women in Islam has continuously be projected as one that is worthless and not capable of being expressive on a political platform. However, that is not at all the case. History has revealed the progressive nature of the role of women in Islam. Furthermore, the Muslim women are continuing to push the envelope and reach new heights. Like other cultures, the idea of women achieving greatness is somewhat jaded because of the underlying social stigmas and stereotypes pre-existing. It’s important that the role of women in Islam not only be to continue to break barriers and achieve greatness, but to breakdown the stereotypes that are hundreds and hundreds of years old. Once we’re able to do this as outsiders looking into the women of Islam then we’ll be able to move forward as a whole.

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1 year 10 months ago #83 by Ayan
Ayan replied the topic: Roles of women in nation building: The Islamic perspective
It is said that when you educate a man, you educate one person but when you educate a woman, you educate a whole nation. Essentially, this is because the woman is the family’s first instructor and the family is the first unit of the community then it is no wonder that there is so much pressure on the Muslim women to care and educate their children we. For if, the family structure is strong and upright, the children will be responsible and righteous. This consequently robs off in the large society.

Hence, there is need for a woman to be educated and play her role well in nation building.

The term role-implies a duty or an act to be performed by one.

Who is a Muslim Woman?

A Muslim woman is a unique kind of woman who submits to the will of the Almighty Allah, accepting Islam as a way of life. And nation building here implies actual participation in national project development or harnessing human resources for such programs or contributing towards enlightenment campaigns in areas of finance, health and education for the upliftment benefits of the society. Education here is very vital, because, before any meaningful development can occur, the populace have to move by the desire to change. The feeling of inadequacy comes only when the people area educated. Hence, the Rasul (SAW) says; it is binding upon every Muslim to acquire knowledge.

Knowledge, being a prerequisite for serving Allah:

In Islam, every aspect of life is prescribed for man, as such, one has to learn these roles for proper implementation in the light of the above. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said “the world is a provision and the best object of the world is a pious woman.” (Sahih Muslim). He further said; shall I not inform you about the least treasure a man can hoard? It is a pious wife who pleases him whenever he look towards her and who guards herself when he is absent from her (Sunan Abu Dawud, narrated by Abdullahi Abbas) the keyword in this hadith is pious (piety).

How is this achieved? It is achieved through a good education in Islam, good morals and firm taqwa. Therefore, to say that a woman must be educated in other to be properly equipped to play her role in the society is not an overstatement.

Hence Allah (SWT) says; Allah has raised to (suitable) rank and (degrees) those of you who have been granted knowledge Q58:11.

The most important role for a woman is to be a good Muslim, living totally in conformity with tenets of Islam. This consequently makes her obedient to Allah, his messenger and her leaders. Islam demands truthfulness, and sincerity from her. She shuns malicious gossips and all forms of corruption and minds her own business.

Therefore, making the woman acquire a beautiful character that influences everyone she comes in contact with. A tradition of the messenger of Allah (SAW) says; A sign of one’s excellence in his Islam is to ignore what does not concern him (Ahmad).

Gossip, backbiting and slander are forbidden. Hence, Allah warns in the Quran the surah Al Ma’un: Woe unto every slanderer and backbiter.

It is the duty of the Muslim woman to stand by the truth, shunning dishonesty and falsehood. Keeping promises made, being chaste and wearing hijab is all part of her duties and character.

Further most, she should be trustworthy.

When a woman marries, the trust in her care becomes greater. Aside from maintaining her chastity, she is also entrusted with her husband’s house. The upbringing of children is another uphill task. Hence the Rasul (SAW) said; Each of you is a shepherd in the house of her husband. And she is responsible for her flock (Al-Bukhari).

The world today and indeed Nigeria has become a jingle, youths have gone bonkers. Impatiently has become a virtue, the saying “the patient dog eats the fattest bone is now disregarded with contempt.

The generation is going rotten before one’s very eyes, doing all forbidden acts, gambling, drinking alcohol, fornication, stealing, dealing in drugs and prostitution. As a result, crime and insecurity reigns supreme in the land, therefore, reducing growth rate, because resources that would have been used to promote other projects for the benefits of the nation and the masses are diverted to these heinous crimes.

The family structure is supposed to be very strong and all children being catered for. This does not only imply maternal but psychological provisions as well, children must be loved by their parents or guardians; they should be made to feel wanted. Teenage daughters must be given lots of love in the family or they will seek it outside.

This often results in teenage unwanted pregnancy, abortions or outright prostitution. Boys should be kept out - do not assume that boys are strong and do not need love, they do, when you reject them and deny them the love and attention they require, and they are exposed to violence at home, e.g parents fighting each other, the children become psychologically shattered. As a result, they cannot perform well as school. They easily become gang members because they feel they belong to a group that cares about them. This results in taking drugs and alcohol, committing crimes - thereby becoming school dropouts. So parents, especially mothers are indirectly responsible for what their children becomes. This is part of the role of a woman in building the nation, when she nurture the men who are to be leaders of the nation, the society will be better.

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1 year 10 months ago - 1 year 10 months ago #84 by Ayan
Ayan replied the topic: Freedom of Women in Islam
Freedom of Women in Islam

Women’s freedom in Islam is one of the most vulnerable targets for attackers of Islam. The conflict is not because the Islamic concept of women’s freedom has any weakness, because Allah’s laws are perfect in every way. The weakness is rather in lack of knowledge and research in Islamic academics and ignorance of Muslims in general regarding this topic. Muslim women themselves are overwhelmingly confused about their own rights and responsibilities in Islam.

Below are some of the more confusing issues under this topic and some comments on how they are viewed in Islam.

Freedom of Religion

In the sight of Allah, there is no different between the ranking of a man or a woman except in their level of taqwa. Allah ﷻ says:

Whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – We will surely cause him to live a good life, and We will surely give them their reward [in the Hereafter] according to the best of what they used to do. (16:97)

Freedom in Marriage

“Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.”

This is an article from UDHR declaration of the United Nations, and it coincides with Islamic freedom of marriage given to women, except for the fact that the majority of scholars hold it obligatory for the women’s guardian to be present and agreeing. This is in order to protect the women’s interest.

Marrying Non-Muslim Men

Muslim women are not allowed to marry non-Muslim men, even Jews or Christians. That is because, as the husband is the maintainer of the household, if he does not follow Divine laws, then it will inevitably affect the wife’s rights.

Obedience to the Husband

The wife should obey the husband in household matters, but this obedience is in no way absolute. The husband has the right to strike the wife– but only in dire necessity.

Waqar Akbar Cheema says in his book, A Compendium of Answers to Allegations Against Islam, “ . . . this permission is only when women become disloyal . . . [which] means something below dignity of a modest and chaste woman.”

The Prophet ﷺ said during the Farewell Hajj: Fear Allah concerning women! Verily you have taken them on the security of Allah, and intercourse with them has been made lawful unto you by words of Allah. You too have right over them, and that they should not allow anyone to sit on your bed whom you do not like. But if they do that, you can chastise them but not severely. [Sahih Muslim 1218, Sunnah.com]

Moreover, the wife also has the option of getting a divorce if she feels suffocated in the marriage.

Choosing a Husband

No one is allowed to force a woman into a marriage without her consent. The Prophet ﷺ said:

A woman without a husband (or divorced or a widow) must not be married until she is consulted, and a virgin must not be married until her permission is sought. They asked the Prophet of Allah (ﷺ): How her (virgin’s) consent can be solicited? He (the Holy Prophet) said: That she keeps silence. [Sahih Muslim 1419]

Multiple Marriages

A Muslim woman is not allowed to have multiple husbands at the same time, although men are allowed to have multiple wives. This is because, the women are the child-bearers, and it is essential to ensure correct parenthood of the children so that lineage can be confirmed and the correct father is held responsible for the child’s maintenance.

Freedom in Divorce

A Muslim woman does not have the freedom to divorce her husband unless the husband gives her permission to do so. But she can seek a khula from the judge if she likes. This is evident from the following case presented to the Prophet ﷺ:

The wife of Thabit bin Qais came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said, ‘O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! I do not blame Thabit for defects in his character or his religion, but I, being a Muslim, dislike to behave in un-Islamic manner (if I remain with him).’ On that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said (to her), ‘Will you give back the garden which your husband has given you (as Mahr)?’ She said, ‘Yes.’ Then the Prophet (ﷺ) said to Thabit, ‘O Thabit! Accept your garden, and divorce her once.’ [Sahih al-Bukhari 5273]

Financial Freedom

Women can always claim their and their children’s maintenance from their husbands and the children’s father. If he refuses, the responsibility falls on her father, or brother, or son respectively. This is so even if she is able to support herself.

Owning Wealth

A woman has the right to own or spend wealth as she wishes.

Working

There is no absolute prohibition for women working. But in some cases scholars deem it disliked or forbidden, such as working that involves mixing with men.

The world has become a hostile environment as never before, especially for women who are physically weak. It has also become increasingly difficult for women to remarry after divorce or widowhood. Financial support is difficult to get from outside, and thus building a career has become in some respects essential for survival, saving dignity or status with in-laws to prevent exploitation and humiliation.

Inheritance

A woman should be given her share of inheritance absolutely. Her share is in most cases less than the man’s because the man is the maintainer of the household.
Last Edit: 1 year 10 months ago by Ayan.

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